He Loves Me, He Loves Me Not

Q. When and how far back can I trim my daisy bush without damaging it? It’s one of the “He-Loves-Me, He-Loves-Me-Not” Daisies. I’d like to keep it at its current height of about three feet.

Abstract beautiful flower, colorful floral background , wet yellow petals border, daisy plant over red , nature at spring, macro detailsA. Daisies are best pruned in between flushes of flowers or in the spring of the year. Unfortunately, they always seem to be in bud or bloom so there is no perfect time to prune them. Hence, I’d trim them when the majority of the flowers are spent, realizing that I’ll be sacrificing some of the next flush of flowers. Trim the growth with a pair of hand pruners or use an electric hedge shears. I’d cut back the herbaceous or green stems avoiding the old woody portions of the plant. Plants trimmed back to bare stems are unattractive looking, and the pruning doesn’t encourage the lateral shoots. To keep it at three feet, you’ll need to prune it several times each year. Another option is not to prune it at all.  Instead, enjoy the endless flowers and when the plant out grows its space, remove it and replace it with a new plant. Daisy plants are not that expensive and grow back quickly.

Note: Marguerite Daisy or Euryops are sometimes referred to as the “He-Loves-Me, He-Loves-Me-Not Daisy. It gets its name from a story of a day dreaming young girl’s method of determining whether the boy in her dream is the love of her life. She would pick a flower and remove each petal saying, “He-Loves-Me, He-Loves-Me-Not,” alternating the phrase between each petal. The answer lies with the last Daisy petal. I’m not so sure it’s used very often today as this was from a more innocent times.

Q. Why are my New Guinea Impatiens disappearing overnight? Something is cutting them off at the base and carrying them away, as I find no evidence of the plants or any part of them anywhere around.

A. I’d strongly suspect roof rats. Roof Rats obtain much of their water requirement from their food or from free water such as sprinklers. Hence, they’re very fond of fruit, especially oranges and tomatoes as they mature. Water restriction have curved their water supply so they’re forging on other plants aka, New Guinea Impatiens. New Guinea’s are a herbaceous and succulent plant so they’re a perfect target. Roof rats generally begin searching for food shortly after sunset. These rats may cache or hoard considerable amounts of solid food, which they will eat later. These food caches may be located in a variety of other hiding places, generally near their nests. they’re very mobile, so they’re a tough problem to control outdoors. Traps would work but not baits as there are too many household pets that could be harmed. My suggestion is to move on and replant with something else.

Q. I purchased a bag of pure Mesquite charcoal for barbecuing. Can you tell me the origin of Mesquite?

A. Mesquite is a very interesting large shrub or small tree that is indigenous to the southwest and the desert areas. There are three common species of the Mesquite: Honey Mesquite (Proposes gladiolas), Screwbean Mesquite (Proposes pubescens) and Velvet Mesquite (Proposes velutina). Mesquite grows to forty feet high and is deciduous. It’s a member of the pea family and has the characteristic bean pods which have long been used by humans, wildlife and livestock as a food source. It is estimated that over seventy-five percent of a Coyote’s diet in late summer is from the mesquite beans. Native Americans relied on the Mesquite pod as a dietary staple from which they made tea, syrup and a ground meal called Pinole. They also used the bark for basketry, fabrics and medicine. A favorite of bees and other insects, the Mesquite flowers has a honey, fragrance. Mesquite has a true tap root which can go down in the soil forty feet deep looking for moisture. The tap root can be larger in diameter than its truck. It is the tap root that is used for firewood while the above ground parts are used for furniture or tool handles. The density of its wood fibers makes Mesquite an extremely hardwood. It’s a favorite with those who like to grill because the density causes Mesquite to burn at temperatures higher than most other charcoals. It also burns slowly and is smokeless sealing in the natural juices as the meat cooks.

Hail to the Zuke

Were it not for summer produce, this would be my least favorite season of the year. Don’t get me wrong—I’m all for vacations and barbecues. I’m just not a warm-weather gal. Most likely because my roots stem from the northern coast of Ireland, I am genetically predisposed to avoid the sun. Really. Unlike most of my friends who welcome the warming rays, I retreat like a vampire. There is no SPF too high; no UV protection too great; no hat-brim too wide; nor water bottle too cold. I’ve never met an air-conditioner I didn’t like. I arrive at the farmers’ market in the early morning hours; and work in my home garden at dusk. I thoroughly identify with Woody Allen’s old line: “I don’t burn. I stroke.” But enough about me.

What I appreciate most about summer is how fruits and vegetables flourish in the California sun—even if I don’t. The farmers’ market is a riot of color and aromas, providing nationally-envied produce perfect for carefree meals.

Veggies like organically-grown tomatoes, crunchy cucumbers, a color spectrum of sweet bell peppers, tender young green beans, and summer squash are often best after little or no cooking, with nothing more than a sprinkling of salt and a drizzle of extra virgin olive oil. Just a few minutes on the grill makes summer’s sweet corn the stuff dreams are made of. Incomparably juicy berries, peaches, nectarines, and plums speak for themselves.

Over the years summer squash—especially zucchini—has developed a bad rep. Instead of hacking into that watery, zeppelin-sized specimen your neighbor pawned off on you, enjoy the sweet surprise of tender young zucchini. Although you can usually find limp, bruised zucchini in supermarkets throughout the year, this is the season to find out what it should really taste like.

A bowl with flour, egg and grated zucchini for cooking pancakes

Outdoor entertaining is in full swing this month. When invited to a party I usually offer to bring an appetizer, though I don’t want to break the bank on ingredients…or break into a sweat preparing it. This recipe fits the bill as it utilizes summer’s most prolific vegetable; and can be made successfully without even turning on the oven. These one-or-two-bite-size snacks or sides—that resemble flat little frittatas—can be served at once while still warm; or made in advance and served at room temperature or (ideally) re-heated in your host’s oven.

The easy sun-dried tomato aioli is a secret weapon to keep in your cooking arsenal. It is quickly made with store-bought mayonnaise, and makes just about everything taste better. Too bad it doesn’t cure a sunburn.

Zucchini Cakes with Sun-Dried Tomato Aioli

1 pound farm-fresh small-to-medium zucchini, ends trimmed

1/2 teaspoon coarse kosher salt

1/4 cup all-purpose flour

3 tablespoons finely grated Parmesan cheese

2 large eggs, lightly beaten

1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper

1 green onion (scallion), white and green parts finely chopped

2 teaspoons finely chopped fresh marjoram or oregano (or 1/2 teaspoon dried), plus sprigs for garnish

Olive or vegetable oil for frying

About 1/3 cup Sun-Dried Tomato Aioli (recipe follows)

  1. Coarsely grate the zucchini, using the shredding disk on a food processor or the large holes on a box grater. (You will have about 4 cups.) Place shredded zucchini in a colander in the sink and sprinkle with salt; toss to coat. Place a plate on top of the zucchini to weight it down. Let drain 30 minutes. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper and set aside.
  1. Working in batches, firmly squeeze handfuls of zucchini to remove excess moisture.
  1. In a large bowl, whisk together the flour and Parmesan to blend. Whisk in the eggs and cayenne. Stir in the drained zucchini, green onion, and marjoram until well mixed.
  1. Coat the surface of a large nonstick griddle or skillet with oil and heat over medium-high heat until hot. Working in batches, drop scant tablespoons of the zucchini mixture onto the griddle without crowding. Use a spatula to flatten the cakes into 2-inch rounds. Cook, turning once, about 1 to 1 1/2 minutes per side. As each batch is completed, drizzle more oil onto the griddle as needed. As you work, place the cakes on the prepared baking sheet, arranging them in a single layer. Transfer to a platter to serve at once, or cool completely, cover with plastic wrap, and refrigerate for up to 24 hours. Serve at room temperature, or reheat, uncovered, in a 400 degree oven until warmed through, 7 to 9 minutes.
  1. To serve, place zucchini cakes in a single layer on a platter. Top each with a drizzle or dollop of aioli and garnish the platter with marjoram sprigs. Makes 24 (2-inch) appetizers.

 

Sun-Dried Tomato Aioli

10 oil-packed sun-dried tomato halves (about 1/2 cup), lightly drained (about 2 ounces)

1 large garlic clove, halved

6 tablespoons mayonnaise

1 teaspoon fresh lemon juice

1/4 teaspoon fine sea salt

A generous dash of cayenne pepper

2 tablespoons California extra virgin olive oil

  1. Combine the sun-dried tomatoes and garlic in a food processor or blender. Pulse until finely chopped.
  1. Add the mayonnaise, lemon juice, salt, and cayenne. Process until well blended. With the machine on, gradually add the olive oil in a thin stream until incorporated. Use at once or cover and refrigerate for up to 3 days. Makes about 2/3 cup…which is more than you’ll need for the zucchini cakes. Use the leftovers to drizzle over grilled chicken; as a dip for veggies; or as a spread for sandwiches or crostini.

The Danville Certified Farmers’ Market, located at Railroad & Prospect, is open every Saturday, rain or shine, from 9 a.m. until 1 p.m. For specific crop information call the Pacific Coast Farmers’ Market Association at 1-800-949-FARM, or visit their web site at www.pcfma.org. This market is made possible through the generous support of the Town of Danville. Please show your appreciation by patronizing the many fine shops and restaurants located in downtown Danville. Buy fresh. Buy local. Live well!